quarta-feira, 6 de janeiro de 2016

Tabela resumo dos tempos verbais em inglês

Esta tabela apresenta um resumo dos tempos verbais usados no idioma inglês.
Nela você poderá encontrar: o tempo (Tense), a palavra indicativa do tempo (Adverb), situações em que o tempo é usado (Use), como o tempo é formado (Form) e seu emprego nos modos afirmativo (Affirmative), negativo (Negative) e interrogativo (Interrogative).



Tense
Adverb
Use
Form
Affirmative
Negative
Interrogative
Simple Present
every day,
sometimes,
always,
often,
usually,
seldom,
never,
first ... then

sth (something) that happens repeatedly how often

sth happens one action follows another thing in general with the following verbs (to love, to hate, to think, etc.)
Infinitive
he/she/it + -s

I work.
He works.
I go.
He goes.

I don't work.
He doesn't work.
I don't go.
He doesn't go.

Do I work?
Does he work?
Do I go?
Does he go?
Simple
Past
last ...
... ago in 1990
yesterday
action took place in the past, mostly connected with an expression of time (no connection to the present).
regular:
Infinitive + -ed
irregular:
2. Spalte
I worked.
He worked.
I went.
He went.
I didn't work.
He didn't work.
I didn't go.
He didn't go.
Did I work?
Did he work?
Did I go?
Did he go?

Simple
Future (will)

predictions about the future (you think that sth will happen).

you decide to do sth spontaneously at the time of speaking, you haven't made a main clause in type I of the if clauses
will + Infinitive
I'll work.
He'll work.
I'll go.
He'll go.
I won't work.
He won't work.
I won't go.
He won't go.
Will I work?
Will he work?
Will I go?
Will he go?
Present
Progres
sive
now
at the moment
Look!
Listen!
sth is happening at the same time of speaking or around it

future meaning: when you have
already decided and arranged to
do it (a fixed plan, date)

to be (am/are/is) +
Infinitive + ing
I'm working.
He's working.
I'm going.
He's going.
I'm not working.
He isn't working.
I'm not going.
He isn't going.
Am I working?
Is he working?
Am I going?
Is he going?
Past
Progres
sive
while
an action happened in the middle of another action.

someone was doing sth at a certain time (in the past) - you
don't know whether it  as finished or not
was/were +
Infinitive + -ing
I was working.
He was working.
I was going.
He was going.
I wasn't working.
He wasn't working.
I wasn'tgoing.
He wasn't going.
Was I working?
Was he working?
Was I going?
Was he going?
Future
Progres
sive

an action will be in progress at a certain time in the future. This action has begun before the certain time.


sth happens because it normally happens.
will + be + Infinitive
+ ing
I'll be working.
He'll be working.
I'll be going.
He'll be going.
I won't be working.
He won't be working.
I won't be going.
He won't be going.
Will I be working?
Will he be working?
Will I be going?
Will he be going?
Simple
Present
Perfect
just yet
never
ever
already
so far,
up to now,
since
for
recently
you say that sth has happened or is finished in the past and it has a connection to the present

action started in the past and continues up to the present
have/has + past
participle*

*(infinitive + -ed) or (3rd column of table of irregular verbs)
I have worked.
He has worked.
I have gone.
He has gone.
I haven't worked.
He hasn’t worked.
I haven't gone.
He hasn’t gone.
Have I worked?
Has he worked?
Have I gone?
Has he gone?
Simple
Past
Perfect
already
just
never
mostly when two actions in a story are related to each other: the action which had already happened is put into past perfect, the other action into simple past

the past of the Present Perfect
had + past
participle*

*(infinitive + -ed) or (3rd column of table of irregular verbs)
I had worked.
He had worked.
I had gone.
He had gone.
I hadn't
worked.
He hadn't
worked.
I hadn't gone.
He hadn't gone.
Had I
worked?
Had he
worked?
Had I gone?
Had he gone?
Simple Future Perfect

sth will already have happened before a certain time in the future
will + have + past participle*

*(infinitive + -ed) or (3rd column of table of irregular verbs)
I'll have worked.
He'll have worked.
I'll have gone.
He'll have gone.
I won't have worked.
He won't have worked.
I won't have gone.
He won't have gone.
Will I have worked?
Will he have worked?
Will I have gone?
Will he have gone?
Present Perfect
Progres
sive
all day
the whole day
how long
since
for
action began in the past and has just stopped

how long the action has been happening

emphasis: length of time of an action
have/has + been + Infinitive + -ing
I have been working.
He has been working.
I have been going.
He has been going.
I haven't been working.
He hasn't been working.
I haven't been going.
He hasn't been going.
Have I been working?
Has he been working?
Have I been going?
Has he been going?
Past Perfect
Progres
sive
how long
since
for
how long sth had been happening before sth else
happened
had + been +
Infinitive + ing
I had been working.
He had been working.
I had been going.
He had been going.
I hadn't been working.
He hadn't been working.
I hadn't been going.
He hadn't been going.
Had I been working?
Had he been working?
Had I been going?
Had he been going?
Future
Perfect
Progres
sive

sth will already have happened before a certain time in the future

emphasis: length of time of an action
will + have + been + Infinitive + ing
I'll have been working.
He'll have been working.
I'll have been going.
He'll have been going.
I won't have been working.
He won't have been working.
I won't have been going.
He won't have been going.
Will I have been working?
Will he have been working?
Will I have been working?
Will he have been working?
Condi
tional
Simple

sth that might happen

main clause in type II of the if clauses
would + Infinitive
I would work.
He would work.
I would go.
He would go.
I wouldn't work.
He wouldn't work.
I wouldn't go.
He wouldn't go.
Would I work?
Would he work?
Would I work?
Would he work?
Condi
tional
Progres
sive

sth. that might happen

emphasis: length of time of an action
would + be +
Infinitive + ing
I would be working.
He would be working.
I would be going.
He would be going.
I wouldn't be working.
He wouldn't be working.
I wouldn't be going.
He wouldn't be going.
Would I be working?
Would he be working?
Would I be going?
Would he be going?
Condi
tional
Perfect

sth. that might have happened in the past

(It's too late now.)

main clause in type III of the if clauses
would + have + past participle*

*(infinitive + -ed) or (3rd column of table of irregular verbs)
I would have worked.
He would have worked.
I would have gone.
He would have gone.
I wouldn't have worked.
He wouldn't have worked.
I wouldn't have gone.
He wouldn't have gone.
Would I have worked?
Would he have worked?
Would I have gone?
Would he have gone?
Condi
tional
Perfect
Progres
sive

sth that might have happened in the past

(It's too late now.)

emphasis: length of time of an action
would + have + been + Infinitive + ing
I would have been working.
He would have been going.
I would have been going.
He would have been going.
I wouldn't have been working.
He wouldn't have been going.
I wouldn't have been going.
He wouldn't have been going.
Would I have been working?
Would he have been working?
Would I have been going?
Would he have been going?
going to – future

when you have already decided to do sth in the future

what you think what will happen
be (am/are/is) +
going to + Infinitive
I'm going to work.
He's going to work.
I'm going to go.
He's going to go.
I'm not going to work.
He's not going to work.
I'm not going to go.
He's not going to go.
Am I going to work?
Is he going to work?
Am I going to go?
Is he going to go?


We sometimes use Continuous instead of Progressive.
Some signal words can be found in more tenses.
We did not list signal words in the future.
Always remember what action is described.
 
Clique aqui para baixar a tabela com todos os tempos verbaais

Nenhum comentário:

Postar um comentário

Curso Gramática do Inglês Vivo

Estudando os Verbos Inglêses

Curso Prático de Inglês

Regras de Pronúncia das Palavras Inglêsas

Curso de Inglês para o Vestibular

Treinador de Pronúncia do idioma inglês

Everyday Grammar TV - Voice of America

Tempos Verbais na Língua Inglesa